A few of the most vital and crucial figures from inside the history of Santeria have already been people.
Girls shaped the way our very own faith developed from inside the “” new world “”. Lady maintained the lore of our faith by-passing on the strategy of one’s ceremonies, the sacred songs, and also the lexicon of real information present our very own divination techniques. Clearly set, Santeria is a women’s faith.
The Yoruba comprise constantly a matrilineal individuals. Women conducted great-power inside the function of their particular heritage and government. Whilst Yoruba tribes had been patriarchal in the same manner that people used the functions of leaders and chiefs, the ladies associated with tribes went the household and orchestrated lifestyle. The importance of girls can even be noticed in the strong female orishas which are found in the pantheon of Santeria. Yemaya could be the mother of all live points, who owns all oceans and it is king of eden as well as the planet earth. Oshun, this lady younger cousin is the orisha for the river, the essence of womanliness, sensuality, beauty and is a strong witch and seductress. Oya is actually a fierce feminine warrior orisha just who rides the whirlwind, wields a machete, tosses lightning and fights by Shango’s area as their equivalent. Obba will be the king orisha who descended in to the underworld and changed herself from a rejected outcast, to a strong sorceress wielding the influence of life-and-death. Without an orisha, Iku – the power of demise – is commonly represented as female inside our patakis (legends). Actually Olodumare – the maker deity – was gender-neutral tilting female within her part as inventor on the market. Women can be regarded as strong and crucial in the middle of Santeria’s religious practise.
Important Women in Santeria
Lots of women need starred important roles in reputation for Santeria. These are generally many most distinguished girls – nearly all whom are observed from inside the moyuba prayer that initiates repeat within spiritual exercise. Realize that as soon as you phone upon the names among these mighty ancestors, you’re phoning upon the ache of women and the vital efforts they built in Santeria.
Oba Tero (Ma Monserrate Gonzalez), a Yoruban servant from town of Egbado and priestess of Shango, was delivered to Havana, Cuba inside the 1840’s making her option to Matanzas after a conflict with Efunche Warikondo and Latuan (which dominated Santeria practise in Havana). She had been just about the most influential creators of Santeria in Matanzas. She carried the “asiento” preferences initiation and her unique Egbado-centric practices to Matanzas, establishing the differences between Matanzas lineages and Havana lineages. She ended up being a prominent oriate within our religion.
Ferminita Gomez “Ocha Bi” – preserver of this Olokun customs in Santeria
The woman goddaughter, Ocha Bi (Ferminita Gomez) a priestess of Yemaya got important in saving the Lukumi tradition of Olokun worship and the majority of santeros who possess obtained Olokun have received their unique orisha from the woman lineage of descendants. This is particularly important because she wrestled the command over Olokun’s mysteries away from the Babalawos, saving an Ocha-centric lineage of their mysteries.
Efunche Warikondo (Rosalia Abreu) a robust priestess and head in the Cabildo San Jose 80 (a mutual aid community for slaves) had been perhaps one of the most important numbers in establishing the asiento model of kariocha (crowning as a priest) in Santeria. The slaves of Havana worked with each other purchasing the girl freedom from bondage. She said getting of royal Yoruban blood. She along side Ayaji Latuan (Timotea Albear – a strong and prominent oriate) at one point organized the complete faith of Santeria’s practise in the city of Havana, Cuba. Not one person could operate in the town without her approval. Those two women worked collectively to standardize and create the Oyo-centric “asiento” form of kariocha in Santeria. This kind of initiation, where brand new priest receives numerous orishas in addition to his tutelary orisha, has transformed into the https://datingmentor.org/latinomeetup-review/ standard practise for those of you getting started to the priesthood for 95% of Olorishas. There’s a small variant that comes away from Matanzas as founded by Oba Tero (previously mentioned) – but that ceremony can an “asiento” style of initiation.
Aurora Lamar – president associated with Atare lineage
Aurora Lamar (goddaughter of Efunche and a priestess of Aggayu) ended up being the creator of this Atare Lineage (Pimienta Lineage) of Santeria named following the Atare local of Havana, Cuba whereby she stayed. She have 100s as well as a huge number of godchildren that she started, and was actually recognized for initiating men and letting them pay in installments. This resulted in their nickname of “La Asia del ten-cent” (The Chinese-looking woman with the ten-cent store) because you could pay in ten-cent installments for the initiation.
Ladies happened to be oriates and are still capable of being oriates in Santeria. Female had been great godmothers initiating hundreds of folks. Girls divined with diloggun and offered orishas to people. Female truly consolidated Santeria’s techniques from the fragments of varied tribal spiritual practices into one cohesive religion.